Tamara Rubin is an independent advocate for consumer goods safety, and she is also a mother of Lead-poisoned children. She began testing consumer goods for toxicants in 2009, and was the parent-advocate responsible for finding Lead in the popular fidget spinner toys in 2017. She uses XRF testing (a scientific method used by the Consumer Product Safety Commission) to test consumer goods for metallic toxicants (including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury and Arsenic). To read more about the testing methodology employed for the test results reported on this blog, please click this link.
Reading #1.) Side of the baby bottle
- Cadmium (Cd): 10 +/- 2 ppm
- Bromine (Br): 3 +/1 ppm
- Iron (Fe): 169 +/- 41 ppm
- Nb: 230 +/- 8 ppm
- Indium (In): 10 +/- 3 ppm
- Tin (Sn): 23 +/- 3 ppm
Reading #2.) rounded bottom edge of the baby bottle
- Cadmium (Cd): 3 +/- 2 ppm
- Bromine (Br): 2 +/1 ppm
- Iron (Fe): 108 +/- 37 ppm
- Tin (Sn): 9 +/- 3 ppm
Reading #3.) white plastic cap of the baby bottle
- Iron (Fe): 88 +/- 11 ppm
- Copper (Cu): 14 +/- 6 ppm
- Titanium (Ti): 8,892 +/- 164 ppm
- Barium (Ba): 135 +/- 34 ppm
Some additional reading that might be of interest:
- The post discussing the testing methodology used on this website
- Post discussing how to send in an item for testing
- Things that you can test at home.
- Things that might be better tested with an XRF instrument.
- “Can I test things myself at home?”
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