Introduction (for those new to this website):
Tamara Rubin is an independent advocate for consumer goods safety. She is also a mother of Lead-poisoned children. She began testing consumer goods for toxicants in 2009 and was the parent-advocate responsible for finding Lead in the popular fidget spinner toys in 2017. Tamara uses XRF testing (a scientific method used by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission) to test consumer goods for metallic toxicants, including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury and Arsenic.
When tested with an XRF instrument, this Greenbrier International ceramic Royal Norfolk purple carnival glass bottle [with golden leaf ornament accent – purchased at a Dollar Tree store in 2020] had the following readings:
On the purple iridescent glass:
- Lead (Pb): 21 +/- 9 ppm
- Cadmium (Cd): 9 +/- 5 ppm
- Barium (Ba): 324 +/- 30 ppm
- Antimony (Sb): 43 +/- 11 ppm
- Bismuth (Bi): 22 +/- 9 ppm
- Zinc (Zn): 3,467 +/- 120 ppm
- Iron (Fe): 231 +/- 111 ppm
- Indium (In): 19 +/- 7 ppm
- Vanadium (V): 537 +/ – 144 ppm
- Titanium (Ti): 493 +/- 170 ppm
On the golden colored decorative metal leaf ornament:
- Cadmium (Cd): 62 +/- 30 ppm
- Niobium (Nb): 1,678 +/- 182 ppm
- Zinc (Zn): 227,700 +/- 17,000 ppm
- Copper (Cu): 386,300 +/- 25,000 ppm
- Nickel (Ni): 13,500 +/- 700 ppm
Some additional reading:
- To see more items from the Dollar Store that I have tested, click here.
- To see more glass items I have tested, click here.
- To see more carnival glass items I have tested, click here.
- To see more iridescent glass items I have tested, click here.
- To read more about the type of testing I do, click here.
As always, please let me know if you have any questions.
Thank you for reading and for sharing my posts.
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