This Royal Norfolk “Made In China” snowman mug tested positive for lead and cadmium at the following levels (Note, year of manufacture is unknown, however I don’t believe this is very old).
Here’s a link to this exact piece on Amazon: https://amzn.to/2Qnone7
- To see more Royal Norfolk pieces I have tested, Click HERE.
- To see more Christmas decorative pieces I have tested, Click HERE.
- To see more Christmas mugs I have tested, Click HERE.
Lead (Pb): 198 +/- 27 ppm
Lead (Pb): 939 +/- 68 ppm
Cadmium (Cd): 539 +/- 39 ppm*
Lead (Pb): 97 +/- 20 ppm
Tested with an XRF instrument. This piece was negative for arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg.)
*Red glaze is often positive for high levels of cadmium (Cd). You might remember your paint colors from grade school (depending on how old you are!)… “cadmium yellow”, “cadmium red” and “cadmium orange” were common colors back in the day! [Just as was/is “lead white”.]
To learn more about Cadmium toxicity, Click HERE.
By modern standards, the amount of lead that is considered toxic in an item intended to be used by children is 90 ppm lead (or higher) in the glaze or coating and 100 ppm lead (or higher) in the substrate (in the case of mugs, the ceramic.)
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